The upper and lower eyelids, and the orbital bones surrounding the eyes require very specialized approach to repair following trauma.

Dr. Codner uses very detailed, specialized techniques to address injuries and trauma of the upper and lower eyelids and orbital region. Skin grafts or flaps, tissue substitutes, and tissue or bone grafts may be incorporated to achieve normal function and restore a natural appearance. In some cases, treatment and reconstruction of orbital trauma may require early or staged procedures.

Generally outpatient, treatment of trauma to the eyelids or eye region is most commonly performed under general anesthesia. Depending on the extent of your injury, correction may require an overnight stay when combined with other procedures.

Treatment of trauma be covered by your insurance; please discuss your potential benefits and precertification for surgery with our staff.

You may engage in light activity the day after your surgery. Depending on the extent of your procedure and any accompanying procedures a return to more normal activity may take 1-2 weeks.

Proper skincare and sun protection including sunglasses are essential during healing.

Results can be long-term, however, depending on the severity of the injury, additional surgery may be necessary.

“Bill and I both want to express our appreciation and compliments to you for your kind attention.” Martha & Bill

Articles and Lectures

Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Eyelid Reconstruction, Christchurch, New Zealand, 2007.

Chairman, Perspectives and Advances in Plastic Surgery, New Ideas and Innovations, Moderator: General Reconstruction: Eyelid Reconstruction, Vail, CO, 2006.

Orbital and Eyelid Reconstruction, American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgical Nurses, Charleston, SC, 2001.

Management of Graves’ Ophthalmopathy National Graves Disease Foundation, Atlanta, GA, 2001.

Teaching Course – Oculoplastic Surgery for the Plastic Surgeon Talk – Alloderm Spacer on Primary Blepharoplasty, American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Las Vegas, NV, 2001.

Orbital and Eyelid Reconstruction, University of Alabama, Plastic Surgery Grand Rounds, 1998.

Orbital and Eyelid Reconstruction, Emory University, Plastic Surgery Grand Rounds, 1998.

Eyelid Reconstruction, Plastic Surgery Grand Rounds, Emory University, 1994.


Codner, MA, Ed., McCord, CD, Codner, MA. Eyelid & Periorbital Surgery., Vol 1 & 2, St. Louis: Quality Medical Publishing. 2008.

Codner, MA. Ed. Techniques in Aesthetic Plastic Surgery Series. Elsevier, 2008, In press. Midface Lift. Boehm, K., Cardoso de Castro, C. C..

Codner, MA, Lisa M. DiFrancesco, and Clinton D. McCord. Upper Eyelid Reconstruction. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 114(7), 98e, December 2004.

Codner, MA, CR Day, TR Hester, F Nahai, and CD McCord. The Management of Codner, MA. Reconstruction of the Eyelids and Orbit. In Plastic Surgery: Indications, Operations, and Outcomes, Eds. Achauer, Eriksson, Guyuron, Mosby. Philadelphia 2000.

Codner, MA, and EM Sasoon. Eyelid Reconstruction. Operative Techniques in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 6(4), 250-264, 1999.

McCord, CD and MA Codner. Eyelid Surgery, Lippincott – Raven, Philadelphia, 1995.

Codner, MA and MK Hanna. “Applied Anatomy of the Eyelids and Orbit.” The Art of Aesthetic Surgery. Ed. Foad Nahai. St Louis: Quality Medical Publishing, 2007.

Codner, MA. “Reconstruction of the Eyelids and Orbit.” Plastic Surgery: Indications, Operations, and Outcomes. Eds. Achauer, Eriksson, Guyuron. Philadelphia: Mosby, 2000.

Codner, MA and S. Pacella, “Autogenous, Allogeneic and Alloplastic Lower Lid Spacers After Blepharoplasty” In M.A. Codner, C. Cardoso de Castro (eds.). Techniques in Aesthetic Plastic Surgery: Midface Lift. Edinburgh: Elsevier. 2009